26 November 2011

Our Crimes, Ourselves

Part of the Late Twentieth Century Delusion is an aggressive (but selective) blank-slatism that assumes each ethnic / gender group should show up in prisons, universities, and space shuttle missions in precise proportion to its percentage in the general population. (The U.S.'s billion-dollar sports industry excepted.)

Prisons in particular have vexed affirmative-action policy-makers, as they stubbornly refuse to fill up with 72% Euros, 12% Afros, 12% Hispanics, and 4% Asians (to say nothing of 50% male / 50% female).  In more sensible times, social scientists noticed that different groups committed different amounts and types of crimes, and imagined possible reasons why.

"Non-hispanic white", that U.S. Census monolith, is itself a racial stew whose components have long fascinated ethnographers.  Dutch sociologist W.A. Bonger combed through a great many studies on ethnic European criminality and presented his findings in the 1943 tome Race and Crime.  Clearly ill at ease with the determinist worldview and openly derisive of German race science, Bonger was still a man of his age, allowing himself speculations on ethnicity that would ban him from today's academia.  (To say nothing of the title of his book.)

What did he find?

The full pall of WWII not having yet descended on academia, the question of "Jewish criminality" was still on the scientific table.  Bonger presents tables of Jewish criminality between 1882 and 1933 in Germany, Austria, Hungary, Poland, and the Netherlands.

The same pattern repeats in each place:  Violent crimes (rape, felonious assault, murder, manslaughter) trail far behind for the Jews vs. the non-Jews.  Economic crimes (embezzlement, forgery, fraud)?  The contrary:  Jews show themselves more apt to commit these than non-Jews, with "fraud" the biggest stand-out, up to 2-to-1 more likely among Jews than Gentiles.  Here are the numbers for Germany:

After insisting on the evils of anti-Semitism and criticizing German social scientists at length, Bonger does deign to include the following:

In his Soziologie der Juden, Ruppin describes the Jewish spirit as follows:

"When we consider their intellectual talent, we may best call it invention, perception, organization, ambition in practical things, as well as intellectual liveliness or facility in grasping theoretical things, and rationalism in religious things. Probably all these qualities flow from the same source, from a capacity for quick association of ideas."

Leydesdorff (1919): "The mobility, as well as the activity and the impulsivity of the Jews is greater, the emotionality is quite considerably higher, than is the case with other races. Their intelligence stands at the top in a mixed group, their pride also. Greed for gold, dishonesty, but also generosity and helpfulness are strongly to the fore in Jewish character—also an inclination to exaggerate (extremism)."

The classification of the Jews according to temperament shows a greater percentage of nervous, sentimental, and passionate types, and a lesser percentage of neutral and phlegmatic types. Nervous diseases, such as hysteria and neurasthenia, are more prevalent among the Jews than among the rest of the population. (pp. 62-64)

Bonger goes on to consider the different European "races" one by one: Mediterranean, Alpine, Nordic, Ugro-Finn, Dinaric (Slavic).  He presents us this table (from his earlier work Criminalité et conditions économiques):

As well as the following, from Hacker, "Statistique comparée de la criminalité," Revue Internationale de Droit Penal, XIII (1936):

About "Mediterraneans," he offers this:

Fischer's characterization is the following:

    "From the mental point of view, the North and Central European is struck by the vivacity and instability of the Mediterranean race. A certain savageness and cruelty is theirs; little foresight, great capacity to imitate and let themselves be influenced. The intelligence is not high, and the fantasy not at all so developed as with the Nordics, the musical talent considerably higher."

Kretschmer says in Geniale Menschen (1929) that "The impulse to cruelty and rashness, wild bursts of passion, is a common stigma of all Mediterraneans and mixed Mediterranean peoples."  (p. 74)

As for "Alpines," he says:

Günther, in his Rassenkunde des deutschen Volkes asserts that the Alpine race, which he calls "östische Rasse," is characterized by patience, industry and slowness of mentality. The Alpine is a real "Spiessbürger." Easy-going, friendly, and, when intoxicated, "friendly to the point of being obtrusively clinging." He does not quickly become violent, he scolds (!) sooner. In general he does not incline to law-breaking (!). Thus the "portrait parlé" of the Alpine according to the admirer of the Nordic race.

Gault describes the Alpine race as follows: "They are attached to the soil; conservative, peaceful, respectful toward authority, patient, painstaking and democratic. Like the Nordics, they are strongly attached to religion, and are somewhat more liable than they to emotional expression." 

Ripley says the following: "A certain passivity, or patience, is characteristic of the Alpine peasantry." "As a rule ... this Alpine type makes a comfortable and contented neighbor, a resigned and peaceful subject."  (p. 84)

Vexed that the sources he has quoted so liberally in his work "become positively lyrical when they begin to describe the Nordics," Bonger downplays the supposed low-crime tendencies of this group.   But as the numbers he has himself presented bear them out, he is forced to admit sulkily, "Among the blonds is a larger percentage of quiet, slow men of non-violent reaction than among the darker people. That is all." (emphasis his)

This table, on criminality in immigrants to the U.S., he takes from Prisoners and Juvenile Delinquents in the United States, 1910, p. 131:

As far as the "Ugro-Finns," Bonger remarks on the much higher criminality observed in Estonians and Finns than in Swedes and Norwegians:

Finally, the most distinguished Finnish criminal statistician, Verkko, in his Verbrechen wider das Leben und Körperverletzungsverbrechen informs us that the figure for murders in Finland is about 20 times as high as in the Scandinavian countries. In Finland itself, where about 10 percent of the population speak Swedish, the relative aggressive criminality (manslaughter and assault with resulting death) of the Finnish-speaking part is two or three times as great and, in the case of criminal assault, even four times as great.  (p. 93)

He quotes several authors who attribute this fact to the extremely low tolerance of Finns for alcohol.  It has been since postulated, by Harpending and Cochran among others, that peoples who came to agriculture later in history never developed a real tolerance for alcohol, although the subject remains debated.

The following table, charting misdemeanors while drunk in immigrants to the U.S.,  Bonger takes from Monatsschrift für Kriminalbiologie, XXIX:

About "Dinaric" (Slavic) criminality, Bonger offers this:

Verkko in his work previously mentioned [...] gives figures on the criminality in Russia for the period 1899- 1914. From this it would appear in the first place that aggressive criminality in Russia is great, in a general comparison with the surrounding countries, including Finland, and therefore should have a place at the top of the list in Table XIV. In the second place, that the great amount of aggressive crime in Asiatic Russia, where numerous other peoples and races live under quite different conditions, is far greater than in European Russia.

If one divides European Russia, in the customary way, into three great sections: Russia proper, Russian Poland, and the Caucasus, then the last named territory has the maximum of serious aggressive crime (five or six times greater than Russia proper), Poland follows, and the minimum is found in Russia proper.   (p. 98)

This table, on criminality in Russia, he takes from Monatsschrift für Kriminalpsychologie und Strafrechtsreform, XXIX (1939):

*     *     *

A varied tableau indeed.  If this illusory group called "whites" can show such criminal differences through time and space, should it really come as a surprise to policy-makers that groups as varied as Amerindians, Sub-Saharan Africans, and East Asians could do the same?  Any sensible purveyor of sound criminal policy should concur that "color-blind" justice should be just that, and let the chips fall where they may.


hbd chick said...

very, very interesting! i have never seen historic data like this before. thanks so much for posting it!

i don't have the time to look closely at this right now, but i'll be back. (^_^)

Unamused said...

Yes, a very interesting set of studies.

I believe I saw one study (Canadian, if I recall correctly) that found a slightly higher crime rate for Jews than non-Jewish whites. They added that this difference vanishes when you control for the fact that the Jews studied overwhelmingly lived in cities, where the crime rates were higher across the board.

Now, is this valid? ... I say probably. I don't think it's "being Jewish leads to higher crime leads to living in the city" (obvious oversimplification) but rather "being Jewish leads to living in the city which would lead to anyone having a higher crime rate"; that is, the statistical "correction" is valid.

Anyway, made me wonder: is the higher fraud (etc.) rate partly due to Jews being more likely to be in a position to commit such crimes? And is it valid to correct for that? Are we talking about "being Jewish leads to fraud leads to working in finance" or rather "being Jewish leads to working in finance leads to fraud" (again, obviously oversimplified)?

PS hurray white people, committing less crime since... always! huzzah

M.G. said...

Anyway, made me wonder: is the higher fraud (etc.) rate partly due to Jews being more likely to be in a position to commit such crimes?

Bonger, the author, seems to think so:

"Is the so divergent criminality of the Jews to be explained by their social milieu? Adhering to the opinion he expressed more than twenty-five years ago [1918], the writer of this study still believes this to be the case.

"The Jews have a very special position in business life. They are hardly ever agriculturists; on the contrary, they are mostly found in commerce, especially in the small retail businesses, and in the professions. Wassermann has been of service in pointing out that the high figures for Jewish fraud, swindling, and so forth are those of occupational criminality. One must not forget, also, that the Jews have been occupied in commerce for many centuries, and have built up a tradition of overwhelming importance.

"In the second place, the Jews have been city dwellers for centuries, mostly dwellers in great cities. They are even the city dwellers par excellence; there is no race or subrace or group of the population in the whole world which can be compared to them in this respect. Thus their criminality has a city character. [...] The majority of writers agree with this opinion as I have stated it, e.g., Wassermann, von Liszt, Herz, Aschaffenburg, Hacker, Hersch."

There's no doubt Jews in Europe have filled a unique niche for centuries, and their crimes do seem to reflect that reality.

Anonymous said...

The Jewish pattern is similar to people from India, Pakistan, Middle East, SE Asia etc, lots more tax evasion and fraud than the indigenous population and (generally speaking) less violent crime and ordinary theft.

Artur said...

Bonjour :

This is one of the most amazing race-realism sites I have found on the internet - and I know them all !

I'll be back to comment more at length a little later.

In the meantime, two things real quick (one a bit nitpicky) :

1) You're using European and American date formats in the comments - this is a bit confusing

2) So glad to use you're linking to Lugan's site. That man is a titan. But as goes for the USA, goes for France: Lugan was recently silenced on iTV, much like Pat Buchanan was let go from MSNLSD.

More later.

Dernière petite chose: please consider linking to my dumpy little site:



- Arturo

M.G. said...


Bienvenue. Glad you've found something of interest here.

You're using European and American date formats in the comments

To my knowledge I'm only using European formats, which is a nod to the country from which I'm posting (France). Can you tell me where you see American formats?

So glad to use you're linking to Lugan's site.

He is, as you say, a titan. I don't know of any Africaniste in either the anglophone or francophone worlds fit to carry his knapsack. I receive his e-mail updates and so yes, I was aware of the iTélé affair. Sickening, but not surprising. I suspected it'd happen sooner or later.


I'll be happy to link, after having read it a bit.

Bon courage.

Anonymous said...

I can't seem to see the graphs.

M.G. said...


You are right, somehow the formatting has gone wonky since I posted this. I will fix it ASAP. Thank you for the heads up.